Longwood is the second largest district by area (after Blue Hill) and home to around 18% of the island’s population. It includes the principal settlements of Longwood Village (mostly locally referred to as Longwood), Deadwood and Bottom Woods. There are four geological structures of note: Flagstaff; adjacent to it, The Barn; Fisher’s Valley; and Prosperous Bay Plain, site of the St. Helena Airport.
Pub Paradise is a popular entertainment venue in Longwood Village. There is a Meteorological Station situated just beyond Longwood Village. The vast majority of the island’s Renewable Energy is generated by the wind turbins, situated on Deadwood Plain.
St. Helena’s most famous exile, Napoleon Bonaparte spent most of his time here at Longwood House, arriving on 10th December 1815 and dying there on 5th May 1821. His Tomb is also in Longwood district.
The placenames of the northern part of the district (Longwood, Deadwood and Bottom Woods) all relate to the “Great Wood” which originally covered this area (Brooke’s “A History of St. Helena” of 1808 writes the area’s name as “Long Wood”). The Great Wood was destroyed by the early settlers and is now, in part, being re-created as the Millenium Forest.
The Diplomatic Wireless Station that operated from the late 1960s to the 1970s was based around Deadwood Plain.
There is a major Wirebird site in the district, at Deadwood Plain.